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Common leopard (Panthera pardus)

Human-leopard conflict management in Pir Lasora National Park, District Kotli, AJ&K 
WWF-Pakistan has approved the subject for Leopard conservation in Azad Jammu & Kashmir for 18 months (August, 2009 to January, 2011). The project will be executed by Muhammad Waseem, Wildlife Biologist, WWF-Pakistan (Waseem has already successfully completed two research projects in Pakistan on common leopard conservation).  Mr. Muhammad Kabir a young zoologist will be working as investigator in the project (he has already completed his M. Sc thesis on leopard conservation under the supervision of Muhammad Waseem in Y2008 for partial fullfillment of M.Sc degree in Zoology from University of Muzaffarabad, AJ&K).  

Project summary
Common leopard (Panthera pardus) is the most widely distributed of all the wild cats in the world (Nowell and Kackson, 1996). It is found in almost every kind of habitat, from rain forests to the tropics to deserts and to temperate regions (Kitchener 1991). Previously, it was common all over Pakistan including Baluchistan and Sindh, but in the last few decades its population has decreased drastically and has reached endangered status. Now northern Pakistan and AJ&K is the only historic habitat of this important species, where its population is growing very well. But exact estimates, about their population are not known because of lack of technical knowledge, regarding species population census. From 2005-08 the applicant worked on the same subject in Galliat and tested various population estimation methods/techniques, conducted livestock damage surveys, and tested various options to reduce human leopard conflict in Galliat (part of North west frontier Province, Pakistan).

Under the same project a research study was conducted in Machiara National Park, Aj&K to know the conservation status of the common leopard by sponsoring a research thesis to a student (Mr.Kabir Ali, of Zoology Dept. University of Muzaffarabad). But still the applicant is interested to collect more useful information regarding the population estimates and behavior of the species in protected areas of AJ&K.

In that context the present research proposal is submitted to the SC, WWF-Pakistan. Pir Lasora National Park, Kotli AJ&K is chosen for the said study for eighteen months. Pir lasora National Park, was established in 2005 and is spread over an area of 1580 ha. Common leopard is the key wildlife species of the area. This park also provides habitat to Nilgai, Barking deer, Black and Grey partridges, Indian peacock, hare, etc.

Under the present study Common leopard (panthera pardus) population will be determined, human leopard conflict will be assessed, and other related aspects of human leopard conflict will be critically studied and potential solutions will be identified to reduce the issue from the area.

Project Aim

Project aim is to assess the human leopard conflict in the study area on scientific bases and propose a long term action plan for the conservation of Common leopard (Panthera pardus) in the Pir Lasora National Park, District Kotli, AJ&K. 

 Project Objectives:

    • Determine the distribution, population and density of common leopard in the area

    • Determine the livestock depredation rate, leopard attacks on human              beings and Retaliatory killings of the leopard by local communities in the study area

    • Identify the appropriate/suitable methods that could reduce human leopard conflict in the area

    • Develop a long term action plan for the conservation of the common leopard in the study area

Project Documents:

  1. Retaliatory killing of Common Leopard (Panthera pardus) in and around Pir Lasora National Park, AJ&K. (New)

  2. Livestock depredation and population estimation of Common Leopard (Panthera pardus) in and around Pir Lasora National Park, AJ&K. (New)

  3. Threats to the natural habitat and prey of Common Leopard (Panthera pardus) in and around Pir Lasora National Park, AJ&K. (New)

Supporting Documents:

  1. International Day for Biological Diversity and Awareness Program, Pir Lasora National Park, Nakial Azad Jammu and Kashmir (New)


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